Human skin has an enormous significance for our general well-being. It is a well-known fact that skin is a protective tissue, first to fight against bacteria and viruses. Skin also helps in keeping bodily fluids in balance, and in regulating the body temperature as well. It is sensitive and prone to external factors, from bad eating habits to excessive sun exposure, resulting in visual body marks and hence accelerating the aging process.
Human skin is the largest visible organ of the body, covering almost two square meters and one sixth of the total body mass. It has a dynamic function, which means it is constantly changing and regenerating itself.
Skin has three primary layers: the epidermis, the dermis and the subcutaneous tissues, each of them consisting of other sublayers too. Follicles, sweat glands, and sebaceous gland all add up to a general protective role of the skin. Various external factors such as kind of lifestyle, sun radiation, air pollution, and changes in the temperature affect the collagen and elastin level, as well as the ability of skin to absorb water. Aging process results in many skin changes, in its structure, function, and response to external factors. It is an interesting fact that the diagnoses were made by interpreting symptoms from the face skin appearance in Chinese traditional medicine. The Chinese, moreover, justifiably believe that a lot of the person’s general health condition can be told just from the first sight on her skin appearance.
Dermatology is a branch of medicine that explores, gives diagnoses, and treats skin problems and its glands, and mucosae (scent glands, sweat glands, sebaceous gland, mammary glands, hairs and nails). Dermatology has had remarkable progress in the last ten years both in diagnostics and therapy innovations. In addition, the patients’ expectations of treatment success are much higher than they used to have been.
Dispensaries for skin diseases in the Kvarner region offer different diagnostic and therapy solutions to skin problems; one such a solution is corrective dermatology (medical cosmetology). Some of the skin changes that Croatian dermatologists can treat and prevent are warts, other growths of the similar kind, fungal infections, dermatitis (i.e. contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis), acne, connective tissue diseases, skin pigmentation disorder, various skin tumours, etc. Dermatology examination includes a clinical examination of the skin and outer mucosa providing you with the precise diagnostics. In case of infection, you will have been taken swabs for further mycology and bacteria analysis. If you need a histopathology report to determine the identity of a certain disease, you need to prepare for the biopsy examination, or for some other diagnostic procedures and laboratory analyses.
Dermatology also includes nails and hair examination, i.e. the vertex and the scalp. There are different methods of treatment: from classical dermatology treatments to modern laser facial and body treatments – almost all of the skin problems can be treated this way. Furthermore, there are lots of methods for the facial skin rejuvenation using the leading-edge technology. The dermatologist’s choice among the number of methods depends on your skin type and the general skin condition.